Creosote Bush
Larrea tridentata

Creosote Bush is one of the most iconic plants in the desert southwest. After a good rainfall in the desert, the well-known smell that fills the air is that of the allopathic oils that seep from the Creosote Bush. Native Americans used the anti-microbial oil produced as an ointment for skin abrasions and injuries. Within native desert stands called "creosote flats," single creosote plants may reach one thousand years old and form large rings of seemingly many plants.

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Type: Shrubs
Hardiness: 10˚F
Water: Very Low
Sun Exposure: Full
Growth Rate: Moderate
Average Size: 8’ H × 6’ W
Coverage: 28 square feet
Foliage Type: Evergreen
Foliage Color: Green
Flower Color: Yellow
Flower Season: Spring with sporadic blooms after monsoons
Fruit: Rounded fruit covered in white hairs
Thorns: No
Allergies: Unknown
Although this shrub is open and straggly in the natural desert environment, it can be pruned/sheared in a landscape to the 'beer keg' plant shape, and it actually looks quite nice when taken care of this way. Do not over water/regularly irrigate this plant; it will grow very fast and take on a very gangly look. The less water this plant receives, the more dense and compact it will be. Supplemental water every 4 months is sufficient.